Secondary Interjection: Its definition, usage and examples

Karoline Chaplin

In English language, interjections play a role in expressing emotions or sudden reactions. Among these, secondary interjections, also called parenthetical interjections, stand out for their ability to add nuance to our communication. In this guide, we’ll take a closer look at what secondary interjections are, how to use them, and when they can enhance your sentences.

What Are Secondary Interjections?

Secondary interjections are expressions that pop into a sentence to convey emotions, reactions, or thoughts. Unlike standalone primary interjections, these are integrated into a sentence and are often set off by commas or parentheses.

How to Use Secondary Interjections?

1. Adding Emphasis:

Secondary interjections emphasize the emotional tone of a statement, making your communication more engaging.


  • The movie, surprisingly, captivated the audience with its unexpected plot twists.

2. Expressing Agreement or Disagreement:

These interjections can subtly convey agreement, disagreement, or surprise, providing commentary within a sentence.


  • The decision, unfortunately, did not receive unanimous support from the team.

3. Introducing Additional Information:

Secondary interjections can bring in extra details, adding a personal touch to the information being presented.


  • The experiment, in my opinion, showcased the innovative potential of the new technology.

Rules for Using Secondary Interjections:

Comma or Parentheses Placement:

Set off secondary interjections with commas or parentheses to separate them from the main clause.


  • The project, however, requires additional funding for its completion.

Punctuation Consistency:

Maintain consistent punctuation when using these interjections within a sentence.


  • Her reaction, surprisingly, ranged from excitement to disbelief.

List of Secondary Interjections:

Here’s a list of secondary interjections that you can use for different emotions, reactions, or thoughts within a sentence:

  1. Actually
  2. Admittedly
  3. Alas
  4. Apparently
  5. Arguably
  6. Certainly
  7. Consequently
  8. Frankly
  9. Hopefully
  10. In essence
  11. In fact
  12. In my opinion
  13. In reality
  14. In short
  15. In truth
  16. Incidentally
  17. Indeed
  18. Interestingly
  19. Ironically
  20. Likewise
  21. Meanwhile
  22. Moreover
  23. Nevertheless
  24. Nonetheless
  25. Notably
  26. On the contrary
  27. On the other hand
  28. Otherwise
  29. Regrettably
  30. Remarkably
  31. Similarly
  32. Specifically
  33. Still
  34. Surprisingly
  35. Therefore
  36. Thus
  37. Undoubtedly
  38. Unfortunately
  39. Unquestionably
  40. Well

Examples in Sentences:

Here is a table for better understanding:

SentenceSecondary Interjection
His achievements, undoubtedly, speak for themselves.undoubtedly
The results, unfortunately, fell short of expectations.unfortunately
The journey, in my opinion, was more challenging than my opinion

Paired Conjunctions with Secondary Interjections:

  • Although: The results, although surprising, were well-received.
  • However: The plan, however, requires careful reconsideration.
  • Nevertheless: The challenges, nevertheless, strengthened their resolve.
  • Nonetheless: The feedback, nonetheless, highlighted areas for improvement.


Q1: What are Secondary Interjections and How Do You Use Them?

Secondary interjections, also known as parenthetical interjections, enhance sentences by conveying emotions or reactions. Integrated within a sentence and set off by commas or parentheses, they emphasize, express agreement or disagreement, and introduce additional details. Use consistent punctuation and explore a diverse list, including “undoubtedly,” “unfortunately,” and “in my opinion.”

Q2: How do secondary interjections differ from primary ones?

Primary interjections are exclamatory expressions on their own, while secondary ones blend into sentences, adding nuance to what’s being said.

Q3: Why do we use secondary interjections?

Secondary interjections bring emphasis, express agreement or disagreement, and throw in extra information, making sentences more interesting and clear.

Q4: Can we use secondary interjections in formal writing?

Yes. In formal writing, they can convey nuanced emotions or opinions. Just keep them in check based on the context.

Q5: Any specific rules to follow when using secondary interjections?

Yes, be consistent with punctuation and weigh the appropriateness of the interjection within the sentence.

Q6: Any common secondary interjections for everyday language?

Absolutely. You can throw in “actually,” “fortunately,” “unfortunately,” “regrettably,” “in my opinion,” or “surprisingly” in your conversations.


In conclusion, secondary interjections add a layer of depth to language, making communication more dynamic. By understanding what they are and how to use them, you can enhance the clarity and emotional impact of your sentences. So, the next time you’re making a sentence, consider using a secondary interjection for that extra touch!