What is Preposition of Measure and how do you use them?

Karoline Chaplin

In the world of English, prepositions help us convey ideas clearly. One interesting group of prepositions is the “Prepositions of Measure.” This article aims to explain what they are, how they’re used, and provide examples for better understanding.

What is Preposition of Measure?

A Preposition of Measure is a type of preposition that connects the measurement of a quantity to the noun it describes. These prepositions help us talk about the size, length, or amount of something in relation to a specific unit of measurement.

What are Common Prepositions of Measure?

Let’s look at some commonly used prepositions of measure, each with its own purpose in expressing quantity:

In:

Often used for time, “in” is also used to talk about large-scale measurements.

  • Example: The garden is spread across 5 acres of land.

On:

Commonly used with days or dates, “on” can also express measurements related to surfaces.

  • Example: The artist painted a mural on a canvas of 8 feet by 10 feet.

At:

While known for indicating time and location, “at” is also used for precise measurements.

  • Example: The tower stands at a height of 300 meters.

By:

Besides denoting proximity or agency, “by” is used to indicate measurements in various contexts.

  • Example: The river is spanned by a bridge that measures 200 meters in length.

With:

In addition to indicating association, “with” describes measurements related to tools or instruments.

  • Example: She measured the ingredients with a cup and a scale.

How to Use Preposition of Measure?

Here’s how Prepositions of Measure are used in sentences:

In:

  • The bookshelf is organized in groups of ten.
  • The marathon runner finished the race in under two hours.
  • The scientist conducted experiments in increments of 5 minutes.
NounMeasurement
BookshelfGroups of ten
Marathon raceUnder two hours
ExperimentsIncrements of 5 minutes

On:

  • The map is drawn on a scale of 1:10000.
  • The restaurant serves pizza on plates of 12 inches in diameter.
  • The timetable is based on a weekly schedule.
NounMeasurement
MapScale of 1:10000
PizzaPlates of 12 inches in diameter
TimetableWeekly schedule

At:

  • The rocket travels at a speed of 25,000 miles per hour.
  • The concert hall seats guests at a capacity of 500 people.
  • The telescope can observe celestial bodies at a distance of 10 light-years.
NounMeasurement
RocketSpeed of 25,000 miles per hour
Concert hallCapacity of 500 people
TelescopeDistance of 10 light-years

By:

  • The artist created a masterpiece by using a palette of vibrant colors.
  • The builder constructed the skyscraper by stacking blocks of concrete.
  • The cake recipe can be prepared by mixing ingredients in a ratio of 2:1.
NounMeasurement
ArtistPalette of vibrant colors
BuilderStacking blocks of concrete
Cake recipeMixing ingredients in a ratio of 2:1

With:

  • The tailor measured the client with a tape, ensuring a perfect fit.
  • The gardener planted flowers with a spacing of 6 inches between each.
  • The chef prepared the dish with a pinch of salt and a dash of pepper.
NounMeasurement
TailorTape, ensuring a perfect fit
GardenerSpacing of 6 inches between each
ChefPinch of salt and dash of pepper

What are Prepositions of Measure and How are They Used?

Prepositions of Measure, such as “in,” “on,” “at,” “by,” and “with,” connect quantity to nouns. For example, “The tower stands at a height of 300 meters.” These prepositions clarify measurements in relation to specific units, enhancing communication about size, length, or amount.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, Prepositions of Measure are practical tools in the English language, helping us express measurements accurately. Understanding how to use these prepositions enhances communication, allowing us to convey size, duration, or quantity effectively. Whether it’s describing the height of a tower, the length of a bridge, or the spacing of plants, prepositions of measure guide us in using language precisely.