Demonstrative Adjectives: Definition, Types, and Examples

Andrew Dinu

Language is a useful tool that helps us express thoughts and ideas. Adjectives, in particular, provide extra information about nouns. Demonstrative adjectives are a specific kind that helps point out or specify which noun we’re referring to. In this article, we’ll explore what demonstrative adjectives are, the types, and examples to provide a solid understanding of this grammatical concept.

What Are Demonstrative Adjectives?

Demonstrative adjectives are words that modify nouns, indicating whether the noun is singular or plural and if it’s near or far in terms of distance or time. These adjectives help identify a particular person, place, thing, or idea. The four main demonstrative adjectives are “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those.”

Now, let’s dive into the types of demonstrative adjectives and some examples.

What are the Types of Demonstrative Adjectives?

1. This (singular, near):

  • This cat is playful.
  • I love this book.

2. That (singular, far):

  • Look at that beautiful sunset.
  • Is that your car?

3. These (plural, near):

  • These flowers are blooming.
  • Can you pass me these cookies?

4. Those (plural, far):

  • I admire those ancient ruins.
  • Are those your friends?

Here is a table for better understanding:

Demonstrative AdjectiveTypeExample
ThisSingular, nearThis cat is playful.
ThatSingular, farLook at that beautiful sunset.
ThesePlural, nearThese flowers are blooming.
ThosePlural, farCan you pass me those cookies?

How to Use Demonstrative Adjectives?

Knowing when and how to use demonstrative adjectives is essential for effective communication. Here are some guidelines:

1. Determining Distance:

  • Use “this” and “these” for things close to you.
  • Use “that” and “those” for things farther away.


  • I love this restaurant. (The restaurant is nearby.)
  • Look at that mountain. (The mountain is at a distance.)

2. Singular vs. Plural:

  • Use “this” and “that” for singular nouns.
  • Use “these” and “those” for plural nouns.


  • These shoes are comfortable. (Referring to multiple shoes.)
  • That shirt looks stylish. (Referring to one shirt.)

3. Context Matters:

  • Consider the context to determine whether the noun is near or far.


  • I bought this laptop yesterday. (Even though not physically close, it’s recent in time.)

Demonstrative Adjectives vs. Demonstrative Pronouns

While demonstrative adjectives modify nouns, demonstrative pronouns replace nouns. Let’s difference between them:

Demonstrative AdjectiveDemonstrative PronounExample
ThisThisI want this book.
ThatThatIs that yours?
TheseTheseThese are mine.
ThoseThoseCan I have those?

In summary, demonstrative adjectives and pronouns both help convey specific information, but adjectives modify nouns, while pronouns replace them.

Demonstrative Adjectives in Action

Let’s see demonstrative adjectives in sentences:

This (singular, near):

  • This cup of coffee is hot.

That (singular, far):

  • Look at that stunning painting on the wall.

These (plural, near):

  • Can you pass me these pencils?

Those (plural, far):

  • I can’t believe those birds are so colorful.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: What are demonstrative adjectives, and how are they used?

Demonstrative adjectives, such as “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those,” modify nouns by indicating proximity and number. They help specify whether the noun is singular or plural, near or far. For example, “This cup of coffee is hot,” demonstrates the use of “this” to indicate a singular, near object.

Q2: Can you give more examples of demonstrative adjectives?

Sure! Here are a few more examples:

  • This restaurant has good food.
  • I got that shirt last week.
  • Have you seen these new gadgets?
  • Look at those pretty flowers in the garden.

Q3: How do I know when to use “this” or “that”?

Use “this” for something singular and close by, and use “that” for something singular but farther away. Consider where it is or when it happened.

Q4: Are demonstrative adjectives only for one thing?

No, they work for more than one thing too. Use “these” for multiple things nearby and “those” for multiple things farther away.

Q5: Can demonstrative adjectives talk about both time and distance?

Yes! They can show when something happened, like “I bought this car yesterday,” or how far away something is, like “Look at that mountain.”

Q6: Is there a difference between “this” and “these”?

Yep! “This” is for one thing, and “these” is for more than one thing. Both are for things nearby.

Q7: When do I use “these” and “those”?

Use “these” for more than one thing close by, and use “those” for more than one thing farther away. Just think about how far they are from you.


In conclusion, demonstrative adjectives are useful in language to help us specify and identify nouns based on proximity and number. By understanding the types and examples of demonstrative adjectives, we can use them effectively to communicate our ideas clearly. The tables provided above offer a visual aid for a better grasp of the concept. So, whether you’re describing something nearby or pointing out objects at a distance, demonstrative adjectives are your linguistic guide.