Comparative adjectives: Definition, usage and examples

Andrew Dinu

Comparative adjectives are like the toolkits of language that help us compare things in English. These adjectives are pretty handy when you want to say one thing has more or less of a quality compared to another. In this article, we’re going to break down what comparative adjectives are, the different types, and give you some examples to make it all clear.

What are Comparative Adjectives?

Comparative adjectives are a type of words we use when we want to compare two or more things. They help us point out the differences in qualities between these things.

What are the Types of Comparative Adjectives?

Let’s keep it simple and break down comparative adjectives into three types:

Regular Comparative Adjectives:

Just add ‘-er’ to the adjective.

For example:

AdjectiveComparative Form
FastFaster
TallTaller
StrongStronger


Irregular Comparative Adjectives:

These don’t follow the ‘-er’ rule. They have unique forms.

Examples:

AdjectiveComparative Form
GoodBetter
BadWorse
FarFarther/Further


Irregular Adjectives with ‘More’ and ‘Less’:

Some longer adjectives use ‘more’ or ‘less’ before them.

Examples:

AdjectiveComparative Form
BeautifulMore beautiful
DangerousLess dangerous
ExpensiveMore expensive

Examples of Comparative Adjectives in Sentences:

Regular Comparative Adjectives:

  • The cheetah is faster than the lion.
  • Your laptop is lighter than mine.
  • She is taller than her younger brother.

Irregular Comparative Adjectives:

  • His performance was better than expected.
  • The weather today is worse than yesterday.
  • The situation is getting worse day by day.

Irregular Adjectives with ‘More’ and ‘Less’:

  • The sunset was more beautiful than words can describe.
  • I find this topic less confusing than the previous one.
  • The art gallery is showcasing even more beautiful paintings this year.

How to Use Comparative Adjectives?

When using comparative adjectives, just pop ‘than’ after them when you’re comparing two things.

Example:

The new model is more energy-efficient than the old one.

And keep an eye out for irregular forms and exceptions, as we showed in the examples.

List of Comparative Adjectives:

Here’s a list of common comparative adjectives, categorized as regular, irregular, and those requiring ‘more’ or ‘less’:

Regular Comparative Adjectives:

  1. Fast
  2. Tall
  3. Strong
  4. Smart
  5. Large
  6. Bright
  7. Cheap
  8. Simple
  9. Happy
  10. Easy

Irregular Comparative Adjectives:

  1. Good – Better
  2. Bad – Worse
  3. Far – Farther/Further
  4. Little – Less
  5. Much/Many – More
  6. Old – Older/Elder
  7. Late – Later
  8. Early – Earlier

Irregular Adjectives with ‘More’ and ‘Less’:

  1. Beautiful – More beautiful
  2. Dangerous – Less dangerous
  3. Expensive – More expensive
  4. Difficult – More difficult
  5. Comfortable – Less comfortable
  6. Interesting – More interesting
  7. Delicious – More delicious
  8. Important – More important


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Comparative Adjectives:

Q1: What is the purpose of using comparative adjectives?

Comparative adjectives are used to express the differences in qualities between two or more entities. They help in comparing the degree of a particular quality, such as size, speed, or intelligence.

Q2: How do I form regular comparative adjectives?

For regular comparative adjectives, simply add ‘-er’ to the end of the adjective. For example, “fast” becomes “faster,” and “tall” becomes “taller.”

Q3: Are there any irregular forms of comparative adjectives?

Yes, some adjectives have irregular comparative forms that don’t follow the standard ‘-er’ rule. Examples include “good” becoming “better” and “bad” becoming “worse.”

Q4: Can you provide examples of comparative adjectives with ‘more’ and ‘less’?

Adjectives with two or more syllables often form comparatives by adding ‘more’ or ‘less’ before them. For instance, “beautiful” becomes “more beautiful,” and “dangerous” becomes “less dangerous.”

Q5: How do I use comparative adjectives in a sentence?

Comparative adjectives are typically followed by ‘than’ when making a direct comparison between two entities. For example, “The new model is more energy-efficient than the old one.”

Q6: Are there exceptions to the rules of comparative adjectives?

Yes, irregular forms and exceptions exist. For example, “far” has the irregular comparative forms “farther” or “further,” and some adjectives use ‘more’ or ‘less’ instead of changing their endings.

Conclusion:

Comparative adjectives are your pals for expressing differences between things. They help you compare stuff without making it too complicated. Mastering them lets you be clear and precise in how you talk about things – painting clear pictures with your words in everyday conversations.